Following the Second World war, around 12 countries in Africa picked green, yellow, and red as the flag colour, which became regarded as the Pan-African movement colour.
The Pan-Africa colour can apply to two separate categories of colours:
=> The Ethiopian flag’s colours of red, yellow, and green have symbolized Pan-Africanist ideology. The colours have been incorporated into the flags of several African countries, and they are also utilized as an emblem by various Pan-African organizations including the Rastafari movement.
=> The colours red, black, and green, which were initially used by Marcus Garvey in 1920, have come to symbolize Pan-Africanism and are depicted on the Pan-African flag. These colours have also appeared on national flags, and they have been adopted to indicate black sovereignty rather than Pan-Africanism in some cases.
The UNIA colours
The charter of Marcus Garvey’s Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA) characterizes red, black, and green as Pan-African colors: “red symbolize the honorable blood that binds all persons of African heritage, the color black for the people, and green for the beautiful territory of Africa.” On August 13, 1920, at its conference in Madison Square Garden in New York, the UNIA declared the UNIA flag as the national colors of Black Africans.
The Ethiopian colours
Many African countries’ national flags currently have green, gold, and red. The colour scheme was inspired by Ethiopia’s national flag.
Many Pan-African groups and governments have adopted the Ethiopian flag. Ethiopia remained beyond European rule during the colonial period, with the exception of short periods of dominance and annexation by the Kingdom of Italy. In 1896, Ethiopia defeated the Italian forces at the Battle of Adwa, Ethiopia, ending the Italian protectorate.
As a direct consequence, several newly sovereign African countries looked up to Ethiopia. Many Pan-African organizations have adopted Ethiopia’s national colours as a result of this.
Ghana was the very first country in Africa to use gold, red, and green flag, made by Theodosia Okoh, when it achieved independence in 1957.
List of countries with the Red Yellow Green Flag
What do the colors red, yellow, and green in the country official flags imply and symbolize? Green depicts the continent’s vast vegetation and natural beauty. Red represents the bloodshed of those who have killed for every fight for independence, and many who have been oppressed ever since sixteenth century. Lastly, yellow signifies Africa’s natural resources which was highly sought after by Westerners.
|Congo||1958||Each colour represents a different part of the Republic of Congo’s geography or history. The yellow band signifies the Congolese people’s kindness and dignity, whereas the green band depicts the country’s crops and lush woods. The color red is tied with bleeding and is used to represent the fight for independence..|
|Senegal||1960||The color green is thought to be the emblem of the Holy man, while the color yellow is thought to signify riches and the color red in Senegal’s flag depicts struggle and rebirth.|
|Ghana||1957||Red represents the country’s struggle for freedom ,yellow gold represents the country’s richness and green represents the country’s economic potential. The fourth color is black, which symbolizes freedom and is the color of the flag’s star in the middle.|
|Bolivia||1851||Bolivia’s courageous warriors are represented by red, while fecundity is represented by green, and mineral resources are represented by yellow.|
|Cameroon||1990||The colors red and yellow symbolise togetherness, yellow symbolizes the sunlight and the grasslands in northern Cameroon, while green signifies the rainforests in the south. In the centre of the flag, there is also a yellow star|
|Benin||1959||The colours were chosen to depict the country ‘s unique splendor, which includes the Grasslands to the north and palm plantations to the south. The flag also represents the sacrifices made by those who battled for the country The colors are a nod to the Pan-African NIST ideology and are utilized as a symbol of unification by other African countries.|
|Guinea||November 10, 1958||Red, yellow, and green are the Pan African elements of the flag. The colors red, yellow, and green signify the liberation battle the sun, and the land’s richness, respectively, whereas green signifies the country’s flora.|
|Guinea-Bissau||September 24, 1973,||The black star on the flag depicts African solidarity while yellow symbolizes the sunlight, green symbolizes optimism, and red commemorates the slaughter that occurred throughout the long liberation struggle from Portugal.|
|Mali||April 4, 1959||The color green represents the nation’s bountiful regions. Mali’s natural abundance and beauty is symbolized by yellow. The struggle for liberation from the French is symbolized by the color red.|
|Ethiopia||06 February 1996||The new symbol is meant to show the country’s heterogeneity as well as its togetherness. The colors red and yellow are associated with authority and belief; yellow with faith, harmony, mineral wealth, and affection; green with farmland and promise; the star with heterogeneity and harmony; and the sun’s beams with success.|
|Togo||April 27, 1960||The slaughter by fellow citizens during the political liberation war is thought to be represented by the red of that field. The color green represents the country ‘s agrarian prosperity, while the color yellow represents its natural resources. Togo’s five districts are represented by the five horizontal stripes.|
|Sao Tome and Príncipe||November 5, 1975||The two black stars signify the country’s mainly two islands, while the red triangle represents the country’s long freedom struggle. The Pan-African colors are green, yellow, and black.|
|Burkina Faso||4 August 1984.||The top band is crimson, representing the nation’s liberation. The green band below represents the country’s natural resources and agribusiness. The yellow star in the center of the flag is designed to symbolise the revolution’s beacon of light.|
|Lithuania||25 April 1918||Yellow represents the country’s farmlands, green represents the rainforests, and red represents pride. The colors stand for confidence for the long term, independence from persecution, and the Lithuanian people’s amazing bravery.|
African National Congress
The African National Congress flag has 3 equal stripes: black, green, and gold. Black signifies South Africa’s indigenous people, green symbolizes the landscape, and gold signifies the country’s rich natural resources.
African-American Flag is a vexillographic piece designed by David Hammons from 1990 that represents African American heritage by blending the coloring of the Pan-African symbol with the design of the US flag.
It was made in 1990 for the art show “Black USA” at a Dutch gallery, and the first edition consisted of five flags, which are all currently in prominent museums around the world.
Flag of Azawad
The flag of the Nation of Azawad is a longitudinal green-red-black tricolor with a yellow triangular shape at the top. The Nation of Azawad seceded from Mali on April 6, 2012.
According to Moussa Ag Assarid, the Azawadi people’s color symbolism is diverse: yellow symbolizes the Sahara desert, black denotes the Tuaregs’ gruelling history of anti-colonial conflict in their numerous revolts as well as their tough mode of living, red is associated with the Azawadi freedom fighters’ blood, and the green represents the sparse greenery in their Saharan and Sahelian regions.
Flag of the East African Community
The East African Community flag has been in use since 2008 by the East African Community, a multinational body made up of six countries in eastern Africa’s African Great Lakes region.
White, Black, Green, Yellow, and Red: The flags of the EAC Partner States are represented by these colours.