Most Common Errors in English Usage in Nigeria
Nigerians commonly use the ‘ly’ and ‘ally’ words erroneously. ‘Basically’ itself is a word that has been overused, and better alternatives are ‘essentially’, ‘fundamentally’ etc.
– HIV virus
It is not uncommon to hear the use of the word ‘HIV virus’. HIV means ‘Human Immunodeficiency Virus’, so the addition of the word ‘virus’ is unnecessary. HIV causes AIDS, and it is not the disease itself.
Another common error in English usage in Nigeria revolve around the misuse of words with Latin and Greek roots like ‘criteria’ and ‘media’. ‘Datum’ is the singular form of the term ‘data’. You might even hear some Nigerians say ‘some datums’. Wrong grammar!
– Cannot/Can not
This is another standard error in English usage in Nigeria. Nigerians mostly use ‘cannot’ but for emphasis purpose, it is better to use the word ‘can not’. For example: No, you can not go to the bank on a Sunday.
Another common error in English usage in Nigeria is the use of fair and fare. The dictionary meaning of ‘fair‘, in our context, means treating people equally without favouritism or discrimination while fair means the money paid for a journey on public transport.
Nigerians tend to erroneously use both ’empathy’ and ‘sympathy’. If you share and understand the feeling of another person, then use the word ’empathy’ but if you feel pity for someone, the word ‘sympathy’ will be more appropriate.
When you want to appreciate someone, gratitude is expressed with the word ‘grateful’.
This one of the most common English usage in Nigeria. Most Nigerians wrongly substitute avenge for revenge. Avenge is used when you try to seek vengeance for those who have been wronged.
The wrong action can also be avenged. An example is “He avenged the murder by taking vengeance on the killer.” Replacing “avenge” with “revenge” in that sentence is wrong. In pursuit of justice, a wrong is avenged not revenged.
It’s or Its
Widespread English Usage Errors in Nigeria is the use of it’s or its. ‘Its’ is a possessive pronoun while ‘it’s is a contraction or shortened form of it is or it has. Example: The dog wags it’s
it’s tail happily.
Nigerians are no respecter of concord or Subject-verb Agreement. For instance, it is very to hear Nigerians say ‘boys play ball regularly’. For the sentence to be correct, the correct form is ‘boys play ball regularly’.
Gone or Went
This is another common English usage error in Nigeria. A Nigerian can say ‘Michael had already went to church’. That is grammatically incorrect. The fact is that ‘gone’ requires an auxiliary verb, ‘went’ doesn’t. The correct sentence is ‘Michael had already gone to church’.
Lend or Borrow
A lot of Nigerians find it difficult to differentiate between lend and borrow. One might say ‘ borrow me that item’. That is grammatically inaccurate. Borrow means ‘to give’ while Lend means ‘to take’. The correct sentence is ‘lend me that item’
Incorrect Apostrophe Usage
Some Nigerians use apostrophes after possessive pronouns such as my, mine, ours, his, hers, its or theirs, especially in writing. This is wrong because apostrophes are not to be used in this manner even if they are used to show possession.
For instance, some may write: ‘Incorrect: “My mothers house is next to his’ house.” The correct sentence is “My mother’s house is next to his house.”
Lack of Subject-Verb Agreement
Many Nigerians are confused over the rule of concord or subject-verb agreement. This allows them to make grammatical blunders. For instance, some Nigerians may write a singular subject with a plural verb. An example is ‘These food recipes is perfect for new chefs.” The correct form of the sentence is “These food recipes are perfect for new chefs.”
Mixing up spelling
This mistake is very common in Nigeria. This is because some Nigerians are usually confused over words that sound similar with different spellings and meaning. This causes a lot of embarrassment when it is used. It is not unusual to find some Nigerians confusing the following words:
- “You’re” vs. “your”
- “To” vs. “two” vs. “too”
- “Weather” vs. “whether”
- “There” vs. “their”
Mixing Up Similar Words
Most Nigerians also make mistake in their choice of word. This error arises from their inability to differentiate words that have identical sounds and different meanings.
Some of these words include:
“Affect” and “effect”
“Except” and “accept”
“Comprise” vs. “compose”
“Further” vs. “farther”
Mistakes With Well and Good
Another common English usage error that Nigerians make is mixing up ‘well’ and ‘good’. Generally, ‘good’ is an adective while ‘well’ is an adverb. For instance, a Nigerian might say “I am doing good in physics.” The correct form is “I am doing well in physics.”
Comparative adjectives are meant to be compared with something else. Sometimes, these errors appear in advertisement for artistic purposes but they are usually inaccurate when used in formal writing. Always provide the comparision for the word when required. Instad of “My hair is smoother and softer.” say “My hair is smoother and softer than it was a month ago.”