Below is this year’s Waec Syllabus for Physics . Note that this syllabus is for both Internal and external candidates.
(1) Knowledge and understanding:
- (a) scientific phenomena, facts, laws, definitions, concepts and theories;
- (b) scientific vocabulary, terminology and conventions (including symbols, quantities and units);
- (c) the use of scientific apparatus, including techniques of operation and aspects of safety;
- (d) scientific quantities and their determinations;
- (e) scientific and technological applications with their social, economic and environmental implications.
(2) Information Handling and Problem-solving
- (a) locate, select, organise and present information from a variety of sources, including everyday experience;
- (b) translate information from one form to another;
- (c) analyse and evaluate information and other data;
- (d) use information to identify patterns, report trends and draw inferences;
- (e) present reasonable explanations for natural occurrences, patterns and relationships;
- (f) make predictions from data.
(3) Experimental and Problem-Solving Techniques
N.B. Questions will be set in S.I. units. However, multiples or sub-multiples of the units may be used.
1. Concepts of matter
2. Fundamental and derived quantities and units
- (a) Fundamental quantities and units
- (b) Derived quantities and unit
3. Position, distance and displacement.
4. Mass and weight Distinction between mass and weight
6. Fluids at rest
- (i) Archmedes’ principle
- (ii) Law of flotatio
- (i) Contact force
- (ii) Force Field
8. Speed and velocity
9. Rectilinear acceleration
- (i) Gravitational acceleration as a special case.
- (ii) show the difference between angular speed and velocity.
- (iii) show centripetal force. Banking of roads in reducing sideways friction should be qualitatively discussed.
10. Scalars and vectors
11. Equilibrium of forces
12. Simple harmonic motion
13. Newton’s laws of motion:
ENERGY: Mechanical and Heat
15. Work, Energy and Power
- (i) Potential energy (P.E.)
- (ii) Kinetic energy (K.E.)
(e) Conservation of mechanical energy.
- Unit of work as the joule (J)
- Unit of energy as the joule (J) while unit of electrical consumption is kWh.
- Work done in lifting a body and by falling bodies.
- Derivation of P.E. and K.E. are expected to be known. Identification of types of energy
- possessed by a body under given conditions.
- Verification of the principle
(f) Concept of power as time rate of doing work.
16. Heat Energy
- (i) Rise in temperature
- (ii) Change of state
- (iii) Expansion
- (iv) Change of resistance
– volume gas thermometer, resistance thermometer, thermocouple, liquid-in-glass thermometer including maximum and minimum thermometer and clinical thermometer.
- Pyrometer should be mentioned.
- Celsius and Absolute scales of temperature.
- Kelvin and degree Celsius as units of temperature. Use of the Kinetic theory to explain effects of heat.
- Qualitative and quantitative treatment.
- Consequences and applications of expansions.
- Expansion in buildings and bridges, bimetallic strips, thermostat, over-head cables causing sagging and in railway lines causing buckling.
- Real and apparent expansion of liquids. Anomalous expansion of water.
(d) Heat transfer –
Conduction, convection and radiation
- (i) Concept of heat capacity
- (ii) Specific heat capacity
- Use of the method of mixtures and the electrical method to determine the specific heat capacities of solids and liquids. Land and sea breezes related to the specific heat capacity of water and land, Jkg-1 K-1 as unit of specific heat capacity.
- Explanation and types of latent heat.
- Determination of the melting point of a solid and the boiling point of a liquid. Effects of impurities and pressure on melting and boiling points. Application in pressure cooker.
- Use of the method of mixtures and the electrical method to determine the specific latent heat of fusion of ice and of vaporization of steam. Applications in refrigerators and air conditioners.
- Jkg-1 as unit of specific latent heat.
17. Production and propagation of waves
18. Types of waves
19. Properties of waves:
20. Light waves
21. Electromagnetic waves:
22. Sound Waves
23. Description and property of fields.
24. Gravitational field
25. Electric Field
(2) Current electricity
26. Magnetic field
27. Electromagnetic field
28. Simple a.c. circuits
ATOMIC AND NUCELAR PHYSICS
30. Structure of the nucleus
31. Wave-particle paradox
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