The problems of Education in Nigeria is multifaceted and demands immediate attention. The worsening quality of education in Nigeria, which is problematic, is blamed on the inability of the government to improve and revamp the educational section. Yearly, a lot of poorly educated graduates are churned into the labour market. What are the Problems of Education in Nigeria and Possible Solution?
Education, according to Encyclopedia Britannica, is:
the transmission of the values and accumulated knowledge of a society. It is concerned with methods of teaching and learning in schools or school-like environments.
In developed countries, Education is paid critical attention and a lot of fundings are pumped into the sector, because there is an understanding that good education will improve the future and safeguard society. But in Nigeria, the reverse is the case. What is responsible for the Problems of Education in Nigeria?
Inadequate funding is a problem haunting the entire education sector in all ramifications. Nigeria’s funding in the educational sector is meagre. It is not even up to the recommended allocation that the United Nations advised. The Nigerian government approved only a meagre 7% for funding the educational sector. This has left the educational sector in dire strait.
Teachers are not being paid as at when due, buildings of school and educational facilities are dilapidated and in need of urgent repairs. These are the resultant effect of the Nigerian government underfunding in this sector.
Lack of good governance
Good governance and effective management is prerequisite for the growth of a country. The educational sector has long been a victim of the government’s lackadaisical attitude, and this has led to its collapse. This is one of the Problems of Education in Nigeria.
Corruption in Nigeria is endemic. It has caused a lot of problems in the educational sector. Lecturers are not persons worthy of characters. University management embezzle funds meant for building infrastructure and so on.
The educational sector has suffered due to lack of infrastructure, put in place. The schools, university and colleges are in dire need of infrastructures and critical investments. There are inadequate facilities for a science-based course and lack of library books.
A lot of indiscipline is permitted in the sector. Bribery and sexual harassment are rife in higher institutions. Exam malpractice has pervaded all schools and sectors. Cult killings and violence are exhibited by miscreants in universities. Lack of effective discipline is one of the Problems of Education in Nigeria.
Politicization of Education
Apart from inadequate funding and infrastructure, at every government level, there is an unhealthy competition to surpass or outshine each other. This leads to the establishment of different higher institutions, which always cause management difficulty and funding issues. For instance, the various chambers of the Nigerian legislative house is notorious for passing bills to establish higher institutions as constituency projects. This drastically depletes the educational quality in the country.
Poor Parenting and Guidance
It has been noted that poor parenting is a contributory factor to the worsening quality of education in the country. Some parents do not take their responsibility as guardian and ‘models’ seriously. They rarely show support, concern or care, although they may want their wards to succeed by all means.
This desperation may drive them to enrol their children in ‘special centres’ where malpractice is rife. Some even go extra-length to encourage their kids to engage in all forms of cheating in examinations. Some parents have been known to attack or quarrel with teachers for disciplining their wards in schools.
Lack of Good Teachers Welfare
The frequent strikes that have paralysed the educational system in Nigeria countless times are responsible for poor educational quality in the country. This strike emanates from the blatant disregard for teachers welfare by the government of various level. Some teachers, due to the fact that the government has been paying lip service to their welfare, have gone ahead to look for means to augment their income via ‘side hustle’. This divided attention has been shown to limit students’ performance in examination and class. A lot of teachers are usually absent from class due to this.
Lack of Teaching Aids
In addition to the poor welfare of teachers, there is an apparent lack of instructional materials and teaching aids plaguing the entire educational system. These instructional materials and teaching aids are resources that can help teaching processes become more effective. Teaching aids such as books, audio-visual devices, DVDs and computers are never found in some educational institutions and schools. This can cause a serious reduction in the quality of education.
Unwillingness to Study Education in Schools
In direct contrast to other ‘professional’ courses in universities and higher institutions, only a meagre numbers of undergraduates study ‘education’. The number is reducing each year. In 2019, 4% of university aspirants applied to study courses in education faculty. This shows that there is a serious lack of enthusiasm in taking up teaching as a career by students.
Teaching is now regarded as a ‘manageable job’ or ‘job of last resort’ in the country. This has caused loopholes in the teaching profession. So many graduates who have taken up teaching as a career fail to understand the intricacies involved in imparting knowledge and effectively communicating with pupils and students. This situation has led to a drastic fall in the quality of education.
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Possible solutions to the problems of education in Nigeria
The above problems of education in Nigeria, some of which are hampering the growth of the educational sector. The solutions to the problems of education in Nigeria are:
- The government should allocate more funds to revamp and boost the growth of the educational sector.
- The government should show more commitment to the growth of society by making policies that will constantly improve and tackle the challenges of the sector.
- Exam malpractice at all levels of the sector should be strictly prohibited.
- Teacher salaries should be paid as at when due and this will motivate them better.
- Only teachers who are qualified and competent should be employed.
- Admission should be based strictly on merit.
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