Local governments are responsible for primary healthcare, state governments for secondary hospitals and outpatient specialist clinics and the federal government for tertiary hospitals (specialized consultative health care) in Nigeria.
The Federal Government agreed to set up at minimum one tertiary medical facility in each state of Nigeria in order to put this policy into action.
In states where there are no Federal University Teaching Hospitals, Federal Medical Centres (FMCs) was largely built. Lagos State is an exception to the general norm, as it boasts a Teaching Hospital as well as a Federal Medical Centre.
List of Federal Medical Centres in Nigeria
Twenty-two federal medical centers exist across Nigeria. Nearly all FMCs are located in the state capital, particularly when a public secondary health facility cannot meet the needs of the citizens for specialized health care.
Federal Medical Centre, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State
Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, a government-run teaching hospital, opened its doors in 1973.
The Federal Teaching Hospital in Abakaliki is a tertiary health institution committed to providing high-quality, comprehensive, and cheap healthcare services, as well as excellent education and training.
Federal Medical Centre, Abeokuta, Abeokuta, Ogun State
A 250-bed major consultant hospital that opened on April 21, 1993, with a mindset of brilliance in the delivery of health care to the gateway state of Ogun and other nearby states and countries.
Over time, the purview of this mindset has broadened to include distinction in education and research, to the point where we can now confidently assert that the institution stands on a trifecta of quality in the study, teaching, and health services.
Federal Medical Centre, Asaba, Delta State
The Federal Medical Centre, Asaba, was founded on August 12, 1998, as a result of the Federal Government of Nigeria’s strategy of establishing a Federal Health Centre in states where there is no Government Teaching Hospital.
The institution moved from the primary hospital to its current location. The foundation stone for Asaba, which evolved from a colonial rural clinic in the Mid-Western area, was laid in March 1962 by the then Western Region Commissioner for Health, Mr. J. Adigun, with a thirty-bed capacity.
The village Hospital was renamed Asaba Central Hospital and expanded to provide Basic Preventive and Diagnostic Healthcare services to Asaba and its surroundings when Delta State was established in 1991 while being badly under-equipped to do so.
Asaba’s Federal Medical Centre was renamed in August 1998 after the federal government took possession and repositioned it. With such a history, the new Tertiary Health Centre was launched with substandard, old, and deteriorating facilities and equipment, which was exacerbated by a lack of grant take-up.
The Federal Medical Centre, Asaba, has to deal with the challenges of equipment and facility upgrades, as well as workforce training, from such a disadvantaged location. However, despite the absence of a start-up grant and sporadic capital subsidies, the facility has achieved significant landmark developments and progress, thanks to a passionate leadership team and a crop of highly professional and motivated employees.
Federal Medical Centre, Abuja, Nigeria, Federal Capital Territory
The Federal Medical Centre in Abuja was founded on June 7, 2012, although it was completely commissioned by the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria on June 7, 2012.
Federal Medical Centre, Azare, Bauchi State
The Federal Medical Centre, Azare, is a federal tertiary health institution in the Nigerian town of Azare, Bauchi State. It is a fully operational 442-bed hospital with cutting-edge medical technology.
The Centre’s mission is to deliver high-quality health care, development, and research through the use of qualified personnel and cutting-edge technology.
Federal Medical Centre, Bida
The Federal Medical Centre, Bida is a federal public hospital in Bida, Niger state, owned by the Nigerian government and erected by the Sani Abacha military regime in 1997. It also has a medical school adjacent to it.
Federal Medical Centre, Birnin-Kebbi, Kebbi State.
Federal Medical Centre Birnin Kebbi is a tertiary hospital facility located in Kebbi State’s capital, Birnin Kebbi.
Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kudu, Jigawa State
Sir Ahmadu Bello Sardaunan Sokoto, the late Premier of Northern Nigeria, set up The national Medical Centre Birnin Kudu as a City Hospital in 1961. In the year 2000, the facility was turned into a tertiary facility, the Federal Medical Centre.
Federal Medical Centre Ebute, Ebute-Meta, Lagos State.
Federal Medical Centre Ebute-Metta, Lagos is a health care facility in Ebute-Metta, Lagos, Nigeria. It is part of the Nigerian Railway Corporation Area.
Federal Medical Centre, Gombe, Gombe State.
The Federal Medical Centre, Gombe (FMCG) is situated in Gombe, the state capital of Gombe. The Federal Government set up this tertiary health hospital in 1996, with a capacity of 300 beds. The hospital has eleven  primary departments, including a recreational unit. From Monday to Friday, the diverse diagnostic specialties hold expert and sub-specialist consultations. The Accident & Emergency Unit [A & E] responds to emergencies 24 hours a day, seven days a week. The average number of outpatient visits each week is around 1750.
Federal Medical Centre, Gusau, Zamfara State.
Federal Medical Centre Gusau is a government-owned public hospital in Gusau, Zamfara State, Nigeria.
Federal Medical Centre, Ido Ekiti, Ekiti State
Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti is a leading, cutting-edge, basic, regional, and tertiary medical service provider and clinical education facility in Nigeria, owned by the Federal Government.
The facility, which is among the country’s fastest expanding hospital systems, was founded in 1998 by the Federal Government to provide inexpensive, high-quality, and inclusive healthcare to people in every state in the country, notably in Ekiti State and its environs.
The Hospital had six divisions when it first opened in 1999, and now has twenty-two medical and four non – patient departments.
Federal Medical Centre, Jalingo, Taraba State.
Dr. Daniel N. Bobzom served as the first Medical Director of the Federal Medical Centre in Jalingo, which opened in November 1999. Because of a lack of room, the Center was unable to take off right away.
In 2001, the administration chose to operate out of a leased private facility with roughly 50 beds as an option. Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Paediatrics, Surgery, Laboratory, Pharmacy, and other supporting departments were up and running.
Federal Medical Centre, Keffi, Nasarawa State.
The Federal Medical Center Keffi was established in April 2000 on the site of the former general hospital in Keffi, which was established in 1957 by the former Northern Region Premier, Late Sir Ahmadu Bello Sardaunan Sokoto.
This event – i.e. the acquisition – followed President Olusegun Obasanjo’s announcement from the previous year, 1999, shortly after gaining office as the democratically elected leader.
He said at the time that 44 Federal Medical Centers would be constructed across the country with the goal of delivering healthcare to the people on a local level. Mr. President announced 44 candidates in 1999, and FMC Keffi was among them.
Federal Medical Centre, Lokoja, Kogi State.
The former General Hospital Lokoja, constructed by the previous Kabba Provincial Government in 1954 at the offices of the Inland Waterways Authority (IWA), Adnakolo, Lokoja, is now the Federal Medical Centre Lokoja.
The Hospital was moved from Adankolo to its current location in the G.R.A. in 1958, which is roughly 12 kilometres from the original location. Under the auspices of the then Kwara State Government, the General Hospital was upgraded to a specialised hospital in 1984, with the installation of a new wing with four wards, a Laboratory/X-ray facility, a Store/Laundry complex, and a Mortuary.
Following an agreement between the Federal Ministry of Health and the Kogi State Ministry of Health on behalf of the Government of Kogi State, the Federal Medical Centre, Lokoja was established on November 9th, 1999 as a follow-up to this arrangement.
Federal Medical Centre, Makurdi, Benue State.
The hospital, presently known as the Federal Medical Centre (FMC) Makurdi, began as a modest railway clinic in 1927, providing first-aid treatment to railway personnel. It was then converted into a dispensary by the Catholic Mission in 1940.
It was purchased as a General Hospital by the now-defunct Government of Benue Plateau State in 1967.
The Federal Government of Nigeria purchased it in 1995 as a “Federal Medical Centre” in order to provide comprehensive healthcare to every state in the country. It’s a 400-bed facility.
Federal Medical Centre, Nguru, Yobe State.
The federal government owned medical facility is located in Nguru, Yobe state.
Federal Medical Centre, Owerri, Imo State.
Federal Medical Centre, Owerri is a Nigerian federal medical service facility that specialises in anaesthesia, clinical lab testing, orthopedic/trauma, and other areas of medicine.
Federal Medical Centre (Owo), Owo Ondo State.
After then, the hospital was elevated to a Federal tertiary health institution with 300 beds and renamed Federal Medical Centre, Owo, on a landmass of 58.5 acres.
The Centre’s medical and administrative activities were acclaimed in 1993 and 1994, respectively.
Except for medical student training, the Centre, like other Federal Medical Centers, is supposed to execute the functions of Federal University Teaching Hospitals.
It also provides health services, as well as research and innovation as needed in the health field.
Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Abia State.
In 1991, the Federal Medical Centre in Umuahia was built.
They offer specialised and extensive medical services employing sophisticated facilities, investigations, and education through highly motivated workforce functioning in a pleasant and congenial environment that reflects their antecedent as one of the leading Federal Medical Centres.
Federal Medical Centre, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State
After the formation of Bayelsa State in 1996, the Yenagoa General Hospital, which was built in 1957 under the colonial era, was turned into a speciality hospital.
The Federal Ministry of Health took over the hospital on September 9, 1999, and renamed it Federal Medical Centre, Yenagoa.
Following a Presidential mandate in 2014, the Federal Ministry of Health took over the Otuoke Cottage Hospital, which had been created under the aegis of the MDGs, and transferred it over to become the Federal Medical Centre Yenagoa Outreach Hospital in Ogbia L.G.A.
The hospital is now known as the Federal Medical Centre of Bayelsa State.
Federal Medical Centre, Yola, Adamawa State
The Federal Medical Centre (FMC), Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria, was founded following a 21st August 1998 deal between the Federal Ministry of Health, Nigeria, and the Adamawa State Government to acquire the former Yola Specialist Hospital, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria.
On the 15th of May, 1999, Clinical Services began. However, the state’s then-civilian government chose to reclaim the Specialist Hospital so that the state capital might have a supplementary healthcare institution. As a result, it was determined that the Centre would be moved to its current location, which is on Lamido Zubairu Way in Yola-Town, and is part of the School of Nursing and Midwifery.
It is a 330-bed hospital that serves residents of Adamawa, sections of Taraba, Gombe, and Borno states, as well as visitors from Cameroon. The hospital has been able to deliver a high level of care to its thronging clientele within the constraints of available resources. In reality, because of the current insurgency in Northeastern Nigeria, all of our military forces troops and civilians are swiftly and thoroughly cared for in the centre.