Auto Mechanical Work Waec Syllabus

Below is this year’s WAEC syllabus for  Auto Mechanical Work. Note that this syllabus is for both Internal and external candidates.


There will be three papers, Papers 1, 2 and 3 all of which must be taken. Papers 1 and 2 shall be a composite paper to be taken at one sitting.

Paper 1:           will consist of forty multiple-choice objective questions all of which are to be answered in 45 minutes for 40 marks.

Paper 2:           will consist of two sections, Sections A and B to be answered in 2 hours 15 minutes for 80 marks.

Section A:       will consist of ten short-structured questions to be answered in 30 minutes for 20 marks.

Section B:       will consist of five essay questions.   Candidates will be required to answer any four in 1 hour 45 minutes for 60 marks.

Paper 3:           will be a practical test of 2 hours 30 minutes duration.  It will consist of two compulsory questions for  80 marks.


A list of materials shall be made available to schools not less than two weeks before the paper is taken for material procurement and relevant preparation.

(Alternative to Practical Test)

Alternatively, in the event that materials for the actual practical test cannot be acquired, the Council may consider testing theoretically, candidates’ level of acquisition of the practical skills prescribed in the syllabus. For this alternative test, there will be two sets of compulsory questions to be answered in 1½ hours for 80 marks.







Workshop safety and regulations

–     Define safety and regulation

–   Causes of workshop accidents

–   Accident prevention techniques and safety devices

e.g. sand bucket, fire extinguishers,etc.






Tools and equipment

–     Types and uses of tools e.g. marking, measuring,

holding and cutting tools.

–     Types and uses of equipment e.g. hand valve,grinding


–    maintenance of tools and equipment.






Vehicle layout

–     Types of motor vehicle chassis

–      Principal components, identification and functions

(e.g. engine, transmission system, chassis,etc)

–      Chassis maintenance.








Automobile Engine

–      Types of engine design.

–      Identification of main component of an engine.

–      Line diagram of multicylinder engine.

–      Types of cylinder liners.

–      Two stroke and four stroke cycles.

(spark ignition engine and compression ignition


–      Advantages of four stroke cycle over two

stroke cycle engine.

–      Engine maintenance and servicing.










Transmission system

–       Transmission system layout.

–       Types of drives.

–       Components of transmission system e.g

clutch and gear boxe.t.c

–       Operation of simple plate clutch.

–       Types and operation of gear box.

–        Introduction to automatic transmission system.

–       Conventional layout of transmission system.




Suspension system

–       Types and functions of suspension systems.

–       Fault finding, maintenance and repair of suspension










Steering system


–    Components and functions of steering system.

–    Types of steering gearbox.

–    Manual steering fault and repairs

–    Operation of power assisted steering.

–    Steering geometry






Engine lubrication system

–    Purpose and types of lubrication system.

–    Friction and its disadvantages.

–    Component part of lubrication system.

–    Quality and viscosity of lubricants.

–    Oil additive and its importance




Cooling system

–     Function and types of cooling system

–     Components of water and air cooling systems.

–     Comparison of air and water cooling systems.







Fuels and combustion



(a)    Fuel component system





(b)    Manifold and air cleaner

–     General layout and working principle of the fuel

supply system.

–     Component parts and function of the fuel supply


–     Types of carburetors, pumps and their maintenance

–     Types and properties of fuel.

–     Comparison of mechanical and electrical fuel pumps.


Types, functions and maintenance of:

(i)     Manifold

(ii)    Air cleaner

(iii)   Muffler








Braking system

–       Concept of friction, operating principles and types of

.        braking systems.

–       Faults and maintenance of mechanical and

hydraulically operated braking systems.

–        Functions, advantages and disadvantages of antilock

braking system (A.B.S).

–        Layout of braking system.






Wheels and Tyres

–        Types and functions of rims and tyres.

–        Vulcanizing

–        Stating regulation for tyre inter changing and


–        Road wheels alignment and balancing.



















Workshop management and enterprise

–        Basic concept of:

(i)      management

(ii)      planning

(iii)     controlling

(iv)     staffing

(v)      directing


–         Managing resources

–         Concept of authority and responsibilities in


–         Types of enterprise.

–          Advantages and disadvantages of types of

–          enterprise in automobile.




1Tool box  with lock5
2Ball pein hammer5
3Hacksaws with extra blades10
4300 mm engineer’s rule, socket, spanner sets, with ratchet  and extension10
56-32mm ring and flat spanners (combined)5
6Ring spanners (6-32mm)5
7Emery  cloth (standard)5
8Plug spanners5
9Flat spanners (6-32mm)10
10Allen keys5
11Feeler gauges5
12Oil cans5
13Grease guns3
14Spark plug cleaners2
15Combination pliers5
16Long nose pliers5
17Wire cutter5
Measuring tools
18Tyre pressure gauges5
19Vernier caliper5
20Surface gauges5
21Surface plates1
22Vee blocks6
23Micrometer  screw gauge5
24Dial gauge indicator with magnetic stand2


Machine tools

25Grinding machine with assorted wheels1
26Bench grinder with wheels1
27Valve grinding machine1
                                 Joining Metals 
28Blow lamps3
29Soldering iron5
Lubrication Bay/Tyre and Wheel Service
30Compressor (single phase motor driven type complete with spray gun, grease, hose)1
31Wheel balancing machine (rim 13 – 15)1
32Portable tyre inflator1
33Master vulcanizer1
34Tyre changer complete with bead breaker1
  35Tyre repair kit comprising rasp, scissors, tyre knife, sticher, wire brush, etc2 sets
36Service station set of tool kit, plus special tools for removal of oil filter2 sets
37Pipe wrench, clamp/vice2 sets
38Wheel alignment gauge1 set
39Clutch alignment jig2
40Injector test machine1
41Pullersof different sizes2
42Work bench with vices2
43Portable engine hoist1
           General/Servicing and reconditioning
44Bottle jack (hydraulic) light and heavy1
45Used vehicle tyres1
46Trolley jacks2
47Timing light1
48Inspection pits1
49Compression gauge2
50Valve spring compressor (clamp)2
51Coil spring compressor (for suspension)2
52Torque wrench pre-set type2



Torque wrench dial type







54Piston ring compressor expander2
55Axle stands5
  56Diagnostic testing machine (exhaust gas analyzer)1
                                Other utilities
57Fire extinguisher5
58Sand buckets5
59Water buckets5
60Complete engine,gearbox and final drive1
61Workshop overalls25
62Complete vehicle engine (petrol) (chart)1
63Complete vehicle engine (diesel) (chart)1
64Complete vehicle and chart1





S/N                     TITTLE             AUTHOR
 1Motor Vehicle Technology           J.A.DOLAN
 2Motor Vehicle Technology (Part 1,2,3 & 4)          S.C .MUDD
 3Automotive MechanicsWILLIAM H.CROUSE and DONALD L. ANGLIN
4Fundamental of Motor Vehicle TechnologyV.A.W HILLIER and PETER COOMBES
5Automotive Mechanics For Schools and CollegesABA .N.EJEMBI and STEPHEN DAVID
6The Automobile

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